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Vol. 3 (2022): Panoply Journal

Outer Space Security: An exploration of the U.S. Space Force’s area of operations

  • Erick Johnson
16 November 2022


uter space was an uncontested domain after the conclusion of the Cold War and remained so for many years. However, in recent years, state and non-state actors have begun venturing into outer space. This has resulted in outer space shifting from a domain dominated by the United States to a domain that is congested with activity, competition for space services, and contested by near-peer adversaries. Whom of which are creating counter-space capabilities. State actors such as Russia and China are near-peer adversaries that are emerging into the outer space domain. Thus, a threat to the national security of the United States. This has led to outer space phasing from an uncontested domain to a contested one. The current bureaucratic setup was deemed inadequate to sufficiently compete with near-peer adversaries. This led Congress to legislate the creation of the U.S Space Force. This paper will explore the area of operations that the U.S Space Force is responsible for. This project will aim to identify the American perceived threats that exist in outer space. It will also explore what outer space security means. To analyze what is in space that a state actor wants to be secure from.

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